The Role of Women in the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The Role of Women in the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Damilola Phebean Owasanoye (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Department of Economics, University of Benue, Nigeria
This is an essay of the writing workshop Nigeria’s Readiness for and the Effect of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, published July 2020
In a bid to express Nigeria, a developing country’s readiness for the fourth industrial revolution, this paper identifies the roles female folks tend to play in the whole process, how women can actively be a part of the revolution, benefit from its positive contributions on one hand and the challenges it poses to the gender on the other. It also suggests necessary skills that will be economically viable for women to engage in without having much fear of the disruptions expected of the 4IR, and the economic power of women in managing the families as the 4IR is expected to cause a lot of household disruptions.
Change they say is the only constant thing in life. The world is changing at a very fast rate, new ways of doing things are discovered, new
CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW OF THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Industrial Revolution is a period of time during which work begins to be done more by machines in factories than by hand at homes, that is more work becomes automated. The 4IR is not from the blues as it was predicted a long time ago, nations have anticipated its arrival especially the developed ones, but to an extent, the developing countries still lag behind in its preparations, a good example is our country Nigeria, which is regarded to have failed to measure up in the industrial development compared to the other countries since it adopted industrial revolution from its colonial masters. The 4IR brings along with it
According to Rajj Shroff, Artificial intelligence (AI) involves using
PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
The world is undergoing a fast-revolutionary change with advances in technology, artificial intelligence, the fifth-generation computers coming into existence fully. Nigeria, a developing country will not be left out in the process. Researchers and scholars seem to be more concerned with how this will affect the male society since they are highly regarded as the stringer and labour active gender whereas the female society which contributes about 49.4% of the total Nigerian population isn’t paid enough attention as to how well they will fit into the whole process of change, the opportunities, threats and challenges they stand to face.
Research has shown that automation in productive sectors is placing women’s employment at high risk. It has been predicted that the larger share of job losses will be associated with female employees in various business administrative offices. A
The issue of gender imbalance which is already in a state of concern is expected to widen with the inception of the 4IR, nevertheless, this should not be a setback as there are great new opportunities the 4IR brings at the disposal of women. However, there should be gender balance. A good percentage of companies today get societal pressures to address the issue of gender imbalance either by social media scrutiny and public opinion or by government regulation.
However, these roles women play in offices have provided a step into the labour market to educate women in many developed and developing markets over the last decades. The tools of the fourth industrial revolution could also potentially work in favour of women in the short run as household work is further automated, it may relieve some of the current dual burden of care-giving and breadwinning women face and at the same time changes in the nature of work makes it more possible.
Nigeria needs to tap into the female talent pool, this is increasingly regarded
WOMEN ACQUISITION OF SKILLS FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Economic development can be defined as the expression of the commercial and financial situation in developing countries by industrialization, which is the changing of the economy of a less developed country from one based on agriculture to one based on industry. Industrial development is central to the process of structural transformation which characterises economic development.
Research has shown that some of the careers that won’t be very much negatively impacted by the fourth industrial revolution are those that require connection with human beings such as caring and teaching profession and jobs that rely on intrinsic human traits and abilities such as empathy, compassion, & cross-team collaboration skills often found in women and are regarded as “soft skills”. There will be high demand for psychological reasoning. This, regarded as “The care economy” is a very fertile ground for female folks to thrive, demand is expected to grow for those roles that tend to be associated with caregiving, therapist, interpreters, lifestyle coaches, event planners, psychologists, nursing, personal care aides and other roles in healthcare that are traditionally dominated by women.
Women also stand a good chance in the ICT industry as it does not require
Graphics designing and Digital Marketing is another sector the female folks can thrive in as businesses and companies will do more of online marketing and sales which
Women can also thrive well in the fashion and beauty industry as tailors, makeup artist, designers, fashion stylist, hairstylist to mention but a few, the catering world isn’t
HOW FAMILIES WILL BE IMPACTED BY THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND THE ECONOMIC POWER OF WOMEN IN MANAGING THE FAMILY
The fourth industrial revolution is expected to cause a good level of disruptions in the household way of life, as changes would occur
According to Mohyuddin, A woman is the companion of man in all areas of development including her contribution to the economy of her family; she plays the role of a mother, wife, daughter, sister, grandmother, daughter-in-law in her bid to achieve this aim.
Women contribute to the household economy directly by generating money and indirectly by causing savings. Mohyuddin defined the economic power of a woman as her ability to generate income or cause savings within the family. Women and support their households by educating their children about things pertinent to the society, societal rules and obligations so they can grow up to be better persons and useful to society.
Even now, through the revolutionary stage, it is very much necessary that women of all ages and sizes, learn a trade or pick up a skill, develop entrepreneurial skills and mindset to commercialize their skills to earn money and also employ their natural management skill to increase the level of savings which will result in an increase in investment, output and consumption and income. Hence throughout the disruptions the 4IR may cause, women have the strong ability to keep generating income to the family until stability is reached and men can now fully enjoy the benefits 4IR brings with it and on the other hand they perform house cleaning,
Women in villages have been contributing to household economy since a long time ago when they participated fully in agricultural activities, and as the economy developed to a more industrial stage women also found their way into the employment sector as nurses, teachers, labourers in industries and many others just to make ends meet and provide for the family in the ways they can in as much as it is believed that their traditional roles should be confined within the household. As the world adjusts to the new and developing 4IR there arise the need to start educating the girl child, we must start fostering a culture of Science Technology, Engineering And Mathematics (STEM), Gender And Sex Education should be taught at all levels, and most importantly entrepreneurial skills and mindset should be inculcated in our youths.
Ajah .I. Angela, Chigozie-okwum C. Chinyere, “Exploring The Benefit Of The 4th Industrial Revolution: The Nigerian Experience” International journal of science and technology (STECH), Ethiopia.(feb. 2019)
Dr. Anwaar Mohyuddin, “Women’s Contribution in the Household Economy”. European Academic Research (oct. 2014)
Dr Anne-Marie Imafidion, “Women and the Fourth Industrial Revolution”. chathamhouse.org