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Education policy seeks to ensure equality in access, equality within the classroom and in teaching- learning processes, and equality in outcomes. This course encourages students to assess and evaluate the extent to which these objectives are met in practice and the ways in which educational outcomes are shaped by, as well as alter, gendered social norms. The National Policy on Education (NPE) 1986 expected that education would lead the process of women's empowerment in society. The NPE 1992 promised a positive, interventionist role in the empowerment of women by educational institutions. The implementation of these objectives has largely been attempted through a focus on within-school processes, with multiple interventions in place for equality in access and educational experience within schools. However access to education has not necessarily altered gender roles in society. While gender parity might have been largely achieved, it is less clear to what extent the education system has contributed to strengthening the processes through which gendered norms change in society. The course will reflect on the objectives, causes, consequences of gender equality in education, and strategies for change. It is focused on the Indian context although it will refer to regional and global experience.
Students will be introduced to concepts and research methods used in gender and development research, and their application to education; and the linkages between development perspectives and education
a. Situation Analysis (4 sessions)
Students will be introduced to gender statistics with a focus on education; data from official data sources (NSSO (latest round), Census, DISE, NFHS, as well as selected other surveys (NCAER HDR, ASER reports for example) will be used to illustrate the gender gaps in educational indicators. Further disaggregation by income group, caste, religion, and location within gender specific data will be done to understand how inequalities manifest in our education system according to the data.
b. Expected outcomes of gender equality in education (2 session)
Gender equality in education is expected to reflect in outcomes such as higher work participation levels; informed citizenship and political participation; shifting social norms of gender roles and responsibilities.
Education, women’s work and social change
Education and women’s political participation
a. Gender equality goals in policies and programmes (Sessions: 5)
b. Civil society and educational innovations (sessions:2)
c. Evaluating education programmes with a gender and equity lens (Sessions: 2)
Students will be introduced to an evaluation framework that uses standard OECD-DAC criteria of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability while capturing gender and equity issues
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