Dependency in Central and Eastern Europe - Self-reliance and the need to move beyond economic growth
In this essay, the author takes a critical perspective on the pursuit of growth as the solution for providing for environmental sustainability and economic stability in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Drawing from the framework of dependency theory and presenting brief insights into European core-periphery relations the author then argues for the implementation of an alternative strategy to development that is built around the concept of self-reliance.
This brief note explores the possibility of working towards an enlarged self-definition of economics through economists’ study and appreciation of economic sociology. Common ground between economic sociology and heterodox economics is explored, and some of Richard Sennett’s ideas are used as prompts to raise some pertinent and hopefully interesting questions about economics. In particular, the note revisits the question of whether there is a possibility of changing our understanding of what kind of social scientific work falls within the domain of economics proper once we start critically engaging with work conventionally considered to be outside of that domain. In part, the note is intended to offer undergraduate students in economics – and possibly even those further down the road in their education – food for thought about what constitutes economics.
Organisationsbildung setzt eine Erkennungsregel voraus, die erlaubt festzustellen, welche Handlungen und unter welchen Aspekten sie als Entscheidungen der Organisation zu gelten haben. Diese Erkenntnisregel ist zunächst und vor allem eine Mitgliedschaftsregel.
Kaum ein soziales System ist uns unbekannter als jenes, in dem jeder von uns den größten Teil seines wachen Tages verbringt. Wenn man einmal von Vokabeln wie »Arbeit«, »Bürokratie« und »Karriere« absieht, haben wir kaum eine Sprache, um zu beschreiben, was wir von der Organisation von Unternehmen, Behörden, Kirchen, Schulen und Theatern wissen.
Organisationen sind die mächtigen Akteure der Moderne. Organisationen sind Orte normaler moralischer Katastrophen. Organisationen sind Moralverdrängungsmaschinen. Organisationen sind Legitimationsfabriken. Wie ist das möglich? Wie geht das? Was tun?
Modern mission theory is guided largely by the three self paradigm that suggests indigenous churches can only be healthy if they are self-governing, self-propagating, and self-supporting. Consequently, Western missionaries, their churches, and their agencies have been increasingly indisposed to giving generously. We must rethink the interplay of dollars dependency and what it means to do the right thing with our money as we pursue twenty-first century missions.
Capitalism cannot fulfil the promises of the French revolution: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Why? Richard Wollf elaborates on Marx's analysis of the distribution and organisation of surplus in society and his conclusion that there is something inherently wrong in capitalist class structure that still causes economic crisis in our modern times. Change requires changing the organisation of the production. This goes far beyond a discussion of 'more-state' vs. 'less-state'.
Those who control the world’s commanding economic heights, buttressed by the theories of mainstream economists, presume that capitalism is a self-contained and self-generating system.
From the two premises that (1) economies are complex systems and (2) the accumulation of knowledge about reality is desirable, I derive the conclusion that pluralism with regard to economic research programs is a more viable position to hold than monism. To substantiate this claim an epistemological framework of how scholars study their objects of inquiry and relate their models to reality is discussed. Furthermore, it is argued that given the current institutions of our scientific system, economics self-organizes towards a state of scientific unity. Since such a state is epistemologically inferior to a state of plurality, critical intervention is desirable.
The article pursues the two related questions of how economists pretend to know and why they want to know at all. It is argued that both the economic form of knowledge and the motivation of knowing have undergone a fundamental change during the course of the 20th century. The knowledge of important contemporary economic textbooks has little in common with an objective, decidedly scientifically motivated knowledge. Rather, their contents and forms follow a productive end, aiming at the subjectivity of their readers.
As opposed to the conventional over-simplified assumption of self-interested individuals, strong evidence points towards the presence of heterogeneous other-regarding preferences in agents. Incorporating social preferences – specifically, trust and reciprocity - and recognizing the non-constancy of these preferences across individuals can help models better represent the reality.
The global financial crisis (GFC) led to increasing distrust in economic research and the economics profession, in the process of which the current state of economics and economic education in particular were heavily criticized. Against this background we conducted a study with undergraduate students of economics in order to capture their view of economic education.
Participants should be able to distinguish the strictly non-cooperative (methodological individualist) foundations of traditional neoclassical economics as being couched in self-interested individuals, as well as having basic knowledge of an alternative set of theories based on the primacy cooperation and social norms and extending the breadth of economic analysis beyond exchange.
In this article, Jihen Chandoul discusses the importance of food sovereignty in Africa, reflecting on the continent’s early post independence movements for self sufficiency.
Mehr als ein Jahrzehnt lang hat die aus Ökonomik, Soziologie und Philosophie zusammengesetzte Oldenburger Forschungsgruppe Unternehmen und gesellschaftliche Organisation (FUGO) an einer kulturalistischen Theorie der Unternehmung gearbeitet und dazu zahlreiche Bücher und Aufsätze publiziert.
Free, Fair & Alive is a foundational re-thinking of the commons, the self-organized social systems that human beings have used for millennia to meet their needs.
Silke Helfrich – Herausgeberin des Buches „Commons – Für eine neue Politik jenseits von Markt und Staat“ – legt das Konzept der Commons dar: die gemeinschaftliche Nutzung und Organisation von Gütern und Ressourcen. Zum einen erläutert sie, warum Commons nicht nur als Güter, sondern als soziale Praxis gefasst werden können und verweist zum anderen auf Beispiele aus der Praxis, insbesondere aus Lateinamerika.
Institutional economics focuses on the role of social institutions in terms of laws or contracts, but also those of social norms and patterns of human behaviour that are connected to the social organisation of production, distribution and consumption in the economy.
This is a recording of an introductory course held at the 4th International Degrowth Conference for Ecological Sustainability and Social Equity in Leipzig in 2014. Federico Demaria from the French-Spanish organisation Research and Degrowth gives an introduction to degrowth. The presentation is based on the introduction to the book “Degrowth. A vocabulary for a new era.” and discusses definitions of degrowth, degrowth literature, debates, history and further research to be done.
Paul Mason presents the main arguments of his book PostCapitalism. First, he argues that capitalism runs out of its capability to adapt to crises and second states that information technology challenges the capitalist system. In a nutshell, he argues that a society which fully exploits information technologies can't include concepts such as intellectual property, free market or private ownership. This has far-reaching consequences for the organisation of wages and work. The talk stops at minute 37.30.
Diese Ausgabe der PROKLA, Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft, „Finanzierung, Konzentration, veränderte Unternehmensformen“ stellt die Frage, wie sich Finanzialisiserung auf Struktur, Produktion und Organisation von Unternehmen, insbesondere derer großer Konzerne, auswirkt. Neben theoretischen Analysen enthält der Sammelband mehrere Fallstudien zur Chemie-, Saatgut und Pharmaindustrie. Autor*innen der Artikel sind Claude Serfati, Julian Müller, Jürgen Kädtler, Barbara Brandl, Christian Zeller und Sarah Nagel.
Der frei verfügbare Sammelband „Commons – Für eine neue Politik jenseits von Markt und Staat“ – legt das Konzept der Commons dar: die gemeinschaftliche Nutzung und Organisation von Gütern und Ressourcen. Zunächst wird in mehreren Artikeln der Begriff der Commons diskutiert, dabei wird unter anderem auf wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Konzepte der Güternutzung eingegangen. Der Band enthält zahlreiche Artikel zu Landraub, Finanzialisierung von Ressourcen oder Eigentumsrechten und präsentiert vor allem Beispiele von Commons aus der Praxis.
Eckhard Hein criticises the mainstream's view of secular stagnation as the result of a negative real equilibrium interest rate. Arguing in a Keynesian spirit with particular reference to Steindl, secular stagnation is considered to be a result of shift in the functional income distribution, and oligopolistic organisation of industries, leading to excess capacity and reluctance to invest. This acts as a drag on effective demand and results in secular stagnation. Distributional policies and public investment can, however, overcome stagnation its tendencies.
Commons - die Welt gehört uns allen! Die nicht enden wollende globale Finanzkrise zeigt: Markt und Staat haben versagt. Deshalb verwundert es nicht, dass die Commons, die Idee der gemeinschaftlichen Organisation und Nutzung von Gemeingütern und Ressourcen, starken Zuspruch erfahren - nicht erst seit dem Wirtschaftsnobelpreis für Elinor Ostrom.
Despite the Doha declaration of November 2001, the failure to start a new round of global trade negotiations at Seattle in December 1999 and the hostility of protesters to the trade liberalization process and growing global economic and social disparities was a wake-up call for the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
In this radio interview, Philip Mirowski, author of the book "Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste" presents several differences between neoclassical economics and neoliberalism. Apart from a historical outline, Mirowski primarily discusses different perceptions of markets and the role of the state. Mirowski further reflects on the role think tanks ("part of the "neoliberal thought collective") and the entrepreneurial self (the "neoliberal agent") in the spreading and fostering of the neoliberalism.
Banner and Pastor debunk granted assumptions of the neoclassical theory, such as self-interested human behavior, the necessity of inequality and growth, to pull the threads between the new possible foundations of our society, "prosperity, security and community".
Feminist economics critically analyzes both economic theory and economic life through the lens of gender, and advocates various forms of feminist economic transformation. In this course, we will explore this exciting and self-consciously political and transformative field.
This self-paced free course by Perry Merhling guides you to his "Money View" approach that integrates the fields of economics and finance. The course can easily be understood by people interested people without technical economic knowledge or training as it is primarily a tool for analysis.
In this course you'll learn about the tools used by scientists to understand complex systems. The topics you'll learn about include dynamics, chaos, fractals, information theory, self-organization, agent-based modeling, and networks.
This is an introductory course into economics that navigates the intellectual history of political economy in a self-contained and non-technical manner. The course centres on the classical concept of political economy by emphasizing the moral and ethical problems that markets solve or may not solve.
Quinn Slobodian a historian of modern Germany and international history analysis of current development in the Mont Pèlerin Society and therefore neo-liberalism. He sees neo-liberalist thinkers less as believers in the self-healing power of markets, but more as ordo-liberal Globalists who wanted to protect the markets from post-war politics and especially mass democracy. Their goal of global capitalism is still strong, however sceptics in the Mont Pèlerin Society are rising, which see international migration as a threat to Globalisation. Therefore, turning neo-liberal policies away from international institutions like the EU back towards the national states as new defenders of the markets as well as international trade and investments. (A development which can be seen in the Friedrich A. von Hayek-Gesellschaft and especially in the "liberal" wing of the German rightwing populist party AfD)